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Input files

All the input files of VIE_SCHED are located in the VieVS/CATALOGS/ directory, which consist of catalog system files (\textit{.cat} files) and local control files (.txt files). The directory (path for the input files) and file names are fixed in VIE_SCHED and should not be changed.

Catalog system files

VIE_SCHED reads catalog system files for the selection of sources, stations, and observing modes when creating a schedule for a VLBI experiment. The catalog system files are ASCII files controlled and maintained at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and are available via an anonymous ftp ( The catalog files on the server contain more or less old information on sources, antennas, and equipments. These files should be updated by copying the latest versions via ftp to your local VieVS/CATALOGS/ directory whenever a change is announced. The information on the catalog files and the fields therein are described in the documentation which can be found at: Table below lists all the catalog files and their contents. The VIE_SCHED program can be either run for simulation research or real VLBI experiment. The last column in the Table lists the designated use of each catalog file.

Type File Name Contents Used for
Sources: source positions simu + real source fluxes simu + real
Stations: antenna information simu + real station x,y,z locations simu + real equipment IDs simu + real horizon and coordinate masks simu + real
Observing modes: observing modes simu + real frequency sequences real receiver setups real station LO and IF setups real recording modes real head offsets real standard recorded tracks real

For simulation studies, the catalog files might need to be extended by virtual stations at different locations and of different quality (station specifications). The task of editing the catalog file should be given great care, since the catalog file are connected and there are cross references to other catalogs within some of the catalog files. Matching is done by name or by code which is required to be unique within a file. Therefore the order of the entries is not relevant. To change some catalog entries for real VLBI experiments, we refer to the catalogs manual for detailed format descriptions.

The next section outlines how to change information on sources, stations, and observing modes for simulation research.

How to change information on sources

The IAU names (and other common names) in the file are used to find matching entries in the file. To change the list of available sources, one has to edit the file. Source names refer to the given IAU names (and other common names) and positions are defined in right ascension and declination. Then edit the file to enter the source fluxes and models with matching names. If you make a change in the file or the file, you must delete the current source.mat file (located in VieVS/DATA/LEVEL5/) before running VIE_SCHED, or simply check Create and use new source file at the VieVS GUI at Scheduling/Minor parameters. Then the new information on sources can be read and used by VIE_SCHED, otherwise the old information on sources saved in the source.mat file will be loaded into VIE_SCHED. If no flux value is available for a given source, the source will not be used for the schedule.

How to change information on stations

VIE_SCHED reads the antenna names in the file to find the corresponding entries in the,, and catalog files. Since the four catalogs are linked by the antenna name it must be unique in each catalog. You can edit the ASCII catalog files and change the parameters following the original version. If you want to comment (e.g. before or after your new/revised entry to indicate what you changed and why) use '*' at the beginning of the line. To add a new station locally, you need the steps below to make sure all of the necessary catalogs and important parameters are updated.

  • Step 1: Edit the file to add the new antenna information including the 8-character antenna name, axis type, slewing rate, constant, and limits for axis.
  • Step 2: Edit the file to enter the new position using the same antenna name..
  • Step 3: Create a new entry in the file. The SEFD information of stations will be used to calculate the scan length automatically.
  • Step 4: Create a new entry in the file if the station has a horizon mask. This step is not necessary for the scheduling procedure.

If there are missing values for an antenna, this antenna will be excluded from the schedule and VIE_SCHED will issue a warning message and proceed. Hence care has to be taken to ensure that the antenna parameters are complete.

How to change information on observing modes

All the possible observing modes for scheduling are listed in the file. Be careful that the number of channels, sample rate, and 1 or 2 bit quantification are specified for this observing mode, which will be used for the calculation of the scan length. The completeness of the information on observing modes is checked at the beginning of the scheduling. VIE_SCHED will not continue if the observing mode is not complete.

Local control files

Besides the catalog system files, several local control files are read and used by VIE_SCHED. Out of the four files described below, only the param.txt file is a required input for VIE_SCHED, while the other are optional and are only included if they are needed.

param.txt file

VIE_SCHED automatically chooses scans using a rule-based approach. The major selecting options such as the network, session time, scheduling strategy (source-based strategy or station-based strategy) can be specified in GUI of VIE_SCHED. The various minor scheduling parameters are listed and set by the user in the param.txt file. For example, generally speaking, you do not want to observe the same source twice in a short interval. This leads to a rule saying “don't observe a source if it has been observed in the last X minutes”, where X can be set by the user in the param.txt file. The Table below presents an overview of each of the minor scheduling options and a brief description.

Option Description
PARA.RATE1A default Acceleration of the AZ/HA axis [deg/s\textsuperscript 2] (:!: can be overwritten in
PARA.RATE2A default Acceleration of the EL/DC axis [deg/s\textsuperscript 2] (:!: can be overwritten in
PARA.MARGEL1 Marge for the AZ/HA axis [deg]
PARA.MARGEL2 Marge for the EL/DC axis [deg]
PARA.MIN_SRCRP The interval which specifies that the same source will not be observed twice [min]
PARA.SOURCE Time for the antenna to settle down after slewing and before observation start time [sec]
PARA.TAPETM Time for the tape after slewing and before observation start time [sec]
PARA.IDLE Time allowed for idling after slewing and before observation start time [sec]
PARA.CALIBRATION Time allowed for calibration after slewing and before observation start time [sec]
PARA.MAXSLEWTIME Maximum time to allow an antenna to slew [sec]
PARA.MAX_WAIT Maximum time to wait for a slow antenna [min]
PARA.CORSYNCH Time to allow the correlator to synchronize tapes [sec]
PARA.MAX_SCAN Maximum allowable scan time [sec]
PARA.MIN_SCAN Minimum allowable scan time [sec]
PARA.FILLINMODE Use fill-in mode (0/1/2/12)
PARA.FILLENDT Maximum time for the end time of fill-in scan [min] (:!: not used!)
PARA.SCREEN Print processing information on screen (1/0)
PARA.MIN_STANUM Minimum station number per subcon
PARA.MIN_STASCAN Minimum station number per scan
PARA.MIN_STANUM_FI Minimum station number for fillin-mode
PARA.SUBNETTING ONLY STATION BASED! (1/2) 1: 1 scan per subcon, 2: up to 2 scans per subcon
PARA.SKYDT The interval for calculation of sky coverage [min]
PARA.MIN_SRC2ANG Minimum angle between two sources observed simultaneously [deg]
PARA.SORTNUM Minimum angle between two sources observed simultaneously [deg] (:!: not used!)
PARA.FORSI check for source structure study (:!: might work but not maintained anymore)
PARA.UPSTA increase the opportunity for scheduling (:!: might work but not maintained anymore)
PARA.DOWNSTA decrease the opportunity for scheduling (:!: might work but not maintained anymore)
PARA.SRCFRINGE source used for fringe check (:!: might work but not maintained anymore)
PARA.STARMODE use STAR mode (only for station based optimization)
PARA.STRONGANT Name of strong antenna
PARA.CADENCE STAR modus on every n'th scan
PARA.SCANDURA The default scan length [sec], used in SKD file '$PARAM' (:!: no influence on schedule)
PARA.TRACKSMODE The formatter mode, used in SKD file '$CODES' (:!: no influence on schedule)
PARA.CORRELATOR Correlator code, used in SKD file '$PARAM' (:!: no influence on schedule)
PARA.OBSMODE_NAME Name of observation mode defined in the catalog file “”
PARA.SCHEDULER Name of institution that created the schedule (:!: no influence on schedule)
PARA.WEIGHT_NUMBER_OF_OBS weight factor for number of baselines
PARA.WEIGHT_SKY_COVERAGE weight factor for sky coverage
PARA.WEIGHT_SCAN_END_TIME weight factor for scan end time file

In this file you can specify station depending accelerations. This accelerations will overwrite the global acceleration given in the param.txt file.

down.txt file

Frequently a station is unavailable for some part of the session. The most common, although not the only, reason is that it is participating in an intensive session. The down.txtfile is used to indicate when some stations are unavailable for observing during a session. The scheduler specifies an interval when a station or subnet is unavailable (“down”), and VIE_SCHED will automatically ignore these stations during this interval. A station can have multiple downtimes in a schedule.

snrmin.txt file

The minimum SNR targets for all stations are specified on the GUI of VIE_SCHED. In practice, some antennas are weaker, i.e. larger SEFD, so they will be given a lower minimum SNR target on all baselines involving this single station by band. The snrmin.txtfile, if present, overrides the values from the GUI.

psource.txt file

As it is said above, VIE_SCHED is developed for geodetic VLBI experiments. On the other side, we are always observing new sources or particular sources with the VLBI technique. The psource.txtfile is used to list the astrometric sources and set the observation density target. This function should work but might not be the best option to add particular sources because of its limitations.

:!: It should work but is no longer maintained and tested. Use it with care! file

List of all Sources which should be observed in STAR-mode. Basically same format as file.

sweight.txt file

In here, you can give sources a higher or lower weight. This means that these sources are more/less likely to be observed.


Stations listed here are included to the schedule as tagalong stations.


Stations listed here are used as twin/multiple antenna stations.

:!: This function is currently no longer maintained and might not work properly.

public/vievs_manual/scheduling/inputfiles.txt · Last modified: 2017/06/12 12:52 by mschartn